Technology has been evolving since the beginning of time. As our technology grows, so do its potential threats. Cyber Security is an ever increasing field with a wide range of job responsibilities. There are many ways in which information can be stolen or attacked including; wireless computers and other networking equipment, personal digital assistants, automobiles, and even television sets. In order to prevent the possible causes of loss and damage, this article is going to discuss some of the types of information technology jobs.
There are many reasons why there is an increase in demand for professionals who have the knowledge and skills to address these issues. Cyber security is basically the practice of protecting computers, networks, devices, mobile devices, personal electronics, digital systems, and other electronic systems from online attacks. It is also referred to as network security or information technology security. There are three primary causes of these trends; the adoption of new technologies, the growth of international terrorism threats, and the increased demand for highly skilled personnel within the IT industry. With the availability of such employment opportunities, there is a growing need for qualified professionals who possess both a Bachelor’s degree in Information Technology and a solid foundation of professional skills.
One of the most important areas in which cyber security professionals spend their time is in the area of network security. In today’s world, more companies rely on networks to interact with one another and to store and retrieve information. The idea of an attack on a company’s network comes from how an unauthorized person or group of individuals could easily use that network to send spam, viruses, and other harmful programs. There are a variety of different technologies used to protect companies’ networks such as; intrusion detection systems, firewalls, and anti-viruses.
Another area in which cyber security experts work is in identifying the different types of threats to a network. These include; spear phishing, data mining, and malware. Each type of threat requires a different method of addressing it in order to make it less likely that an unauthorized individual will gain access to it.
spear phishing is a technique which involves sending secret documents or codes via email to a targeted computer. Once this is opened by the wrong person, an attacker has full access to the targeted computer and can then install viruses, spyware, and other harmful programs. In order to prevent these types of attacks from occurring, it is necessary for a network security company to develop policies and procedures which address cyber security in the workplace. Companies must work closely with their legal departments and the Department of Homeland Security in terms of creating policies which will allow them to respond to cyber security issues quickly. Creating policies which place limits on the personal information which employees are allowed to download onto their work stations and restricting the amount of hardware which employees are allowed to bring to work stations is also a good way of limiting potential attacks on the company.
Another area in which cyber security occurs frequently is the electrical grid. Electricity grids play a very large role in keeping the world powered and connected. However, many people do not realize the extensive scope of the electrical grid’s vulnerabilities. It has been recently found that up to 45 percent of the largest electric utility outages ever recorded were caused by cyber attacks. While there are some unfortunate incidents of cyber-attacks which have resulted in damage to a company’s assets or other problems, the vast majority of cyber attacks occur due to the ease of creating and distributing viruses which can easily infiltrate and contaminate a computer network.
Some other cyber threats to businesses exist in the form of phishing emails. Phishing scams pose as legitimate email invitations designed to collect financial information or other valuable information from the target of the scam. These fake emails often send out fake alerts which falsely claim that someone has been injured or lost money because of something as simple as a virus, making it extremely difficult to prevent a cyber-breach from happening. In order to better combat these kinds of cyber crimes, companies need to incorporate both traditional law enforcement techniques and modern cyber security technologies.
Law enforcement agencies will often utilize sting operations, where undercover agents posing as hackers attempt to infiltrate organizations and obtain personal information. Cyber security companies are also becoming more proactive in deterring cyber criminals, by providing warnings to customers who are about to download something or visit a website. Many of these warnings go far enough to let customers know that a cyber attack is about to happen, but also provide recommendations on how to avoid the attack in the first place. In addition to this proactive approach, organizations are also working to make their information technology (IT) systems more resistant to attack by using anti-virus software, firewalls, and other protective measures.